Giclée - (Pronounced Zhee-Clay) The French term for "fine
spray"; no printing film or plates are involved in the giclée
printing process. A computer directly scans the artist's
original painting. This information is used to control the tiny
ink jets on a digital printer. The jets spray millions of
water-based printing ink droplets per second onto a sheet
spinning rapidly on a drum to create thousands of shades of rich color. The end result is a lush and velvety art print; one that has the look and texture of a fine original.
Giclée Canvas - The above-described process on
Giclée Paper - The above-described process on fine
Limited Edition - A limited edition is one whose size is
determined in advance by the publisher. Each print in the
edition is signed by the artist and then individually numbered
Offset Lithographic Print - (or offset photomechanical
reproduction). The original image or a photograph of the image
is scanned into a computer to produce color separations, one for
each color used in the printing process: cyan, yellow, magenta
and black. These separations are then output to film with dot
patterns that represent the values of each of the four process
colors. The films are exposed to printing plates, one for each
color. The plates transfer the ink to a rubber blanket, which in
turn offsets the ink onto paper or canvas.
Original Lithographic Print - Not a reproduction; each is
an original and unique work of art. The artist "etches" separate drawings, one for each color to be printed, directly on the working surface (commonly cooper or zinc) to create
individual plates. An original lithograph must pass through the
press one time for each color it contains. Hand coloring may
also be added later.
Etching - A metal plate usually copper or zinc is etched using various acids or mordands, Instead of cutting lines onto the plate, the artist covers the plate with a acid-
resistant ground and then draws through that ground, with special sharp tools, exposing the plate where the design is to be. The plate is then immersed in an acid bath which bites into the plate where the protective coating has been removed.
The areas that are corroded, or bitten, will hold ink, and when a sheet of moistened paper is placed over the plate and run through a press under pressure, the image is transferred to the paper. Areas of the plate that have been masked out during the development of the plate are still the original smooth metal and will hold no ink; these are white areas in the finished print.
Serigraph or Silk Screen- The serigraphic process incorporates the use
of fine mesh screens to hand separate the colors of the image.
Originally, these screens were made of silk, hence the name by
which this process is also known - silk screening. To produce a
serigraphic print, a separate stencil-like screen is made for
each area that is to be printed in one color of ink. The ink is
then squeegeed through the screen onto the paper. The inks sit
on top of the heavy paper on which the final serigraph is
produced. Because the ink is not absorbed by the paper as in
other processes, the final serigraphic print actually looks like a painting on paper.
Textured Canvas - A limited edition canvas which has been
embellished to represent the artist's brush strokes on the
original painting. Framed without glass, textured canvas has
added dimension and luster, and the appearance of an artist's